Average dating timeline

• What are the Characteristics of Archaic Greek Sculpture? • What Happened to Greek Sculpture During the Classical Period? • What is the History of Early Greek Sculpture? • Why did Greek Sculpture develop more rapidly during the Archaic Period?

(For more about stone masonry in Ancient Egypt, see: Egyptian Architecture.)• The Archaic Period (c.650-500 BCE) Greek sculptors start to develop monumental marble sculpture. One of the great works of Greek civilization - note the contrapposto stance, creating tense and relaxed parts of the body on opposite sides.

• The Classical Period (c.500-323 BCE) The creative highpoint of Greek sculpture • The Hellenistic Period (c.323-27 BCE) The "Greek" style of 3-D art is practiced across the Eastern Mediterranean. Bone and ivory carving had been produced in Egypt since about 5,000 BCE, as part of cultural traditions established during the late Stone Age (10,000-5,000 BCE).

The female statue, the kore, was seen as less important.

In its creation, Archaic sculptors focused mainly on proportion and the pattern of drapery, rather than physical anatomy.

• What Changes did Hellenistic Greek Sculpture Introduce?

• What are the Main Characteristics of Hellenistic Greek Sculpture?

For a wider ambit, see: Etruscan Art (c.700-90 BCE). During the Archaic and Classical periods, most important Greek sculpture was of a religious character, made for temples which were usually dedicated to a single divinity.

Divine statues were sculpted in the likeness of man, and were made in various materials and sizes.

However, as Greek appreciation of human anatomy improved, these kouroi and korai became less rigid and artificial-looking, and more true-to-life, whereas Egyptian sculptors adhered strictly to the rigid hieratic designs laid down by their cultural authorities.

Another distinctly Greek characteristic was that, unlike Egyptian figures, the kouroi had no explicit religious purpose: they might be used as commemorative markers or tombstones, or votive statues, or to portray local heroes like athletes, or to represent the God Apollo or Heracles.

• What are the Most Famous Greek Statues from the Archaic Period? • What are the Main Types of Classical Greek Sculpture?

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